Human Resources and Skills Development Canada
Symbol of the Government of Canada

Employment and Social Development Canada

www.hrsdc.gc.ca

Breadcrumb

  1. Home > Well-being Home > Work >
  2. Weekly Hours Worked

Indicators of Well-being in Canada


Work - Weekly Hours Worked

Relevance

The amount of time spent at work affects the time available for other activities, such as rest, caring for family members, learning, leisure or volunteering. At the same time, it affects earnings and contributes to economic productivity.

Summary

  • National Picture — In 2012, employed Canadians spent an average of 36.6 hours per week at work. 
  • Gender — On average men spent more hours per week at work (39.6 hours) than women (33.2 hours) in 2012.
  • Age — Compared to other age groups, youth aged 15 to 24 spent the least time at work in 2012, working 28.3 hours on average per week.
  • Regions — In 2012, weekly hours of work varied between 35.4 in Quebec and 39.0 in Alberta.
  • Percent of Time Spent Working — In 2012, approximately 10.0% of the total time available to all Canadians was devoted to paid work.

National Picture

In 2012, employed Canadians were working fewer hours on average each week compared to three decades earlier. Canadians worked 36.6 hours per week on average which was down from 38.0 in 1976.


This Chart contains data for Average hours worked per week, Canada, 1976-2012. Information is available in table below 2012 = 36.6 2011 = 36.4 2010 = 36.2 2009 = 36.0 2008 = 36.8 2007 = 37.2 2006 = 36.9 2005 = 37.2 2004 = 36.9 2003 = 36.5 2002 = 37.1 2001 = 37.3 2000 = 37.9 1999 = 37.7 1998 = 37.5 1997 = 37.8 1996 = 37.6 1995 = 37.4 1994 = 37.6 1993 = 37.2 1992 = 36.9 1991 = 37.4 1990 = 38.2 1989 = 38.5 1988 = 38.0 1987 = 37.5 1986 = 37.6 1985 = 37.5 1984 = 37.4 1983 = 37.2 1982 = 37.1 1981 = 37.4 1980 = 37.9 1979 = 38.6 1978 = 38.3 1977 = 37.9 1976 = 38.0 (number of hours) Average hours worked per week, Canada, 1976-2012

Source: Statistics Canada. Table 282-0028 - Labour force survey estimates (LFS), by total and average usual and actual hours worked, main or all jobs, type of work, sex and age group, annual (hours), CANSIM (database).


Warning: This data table may contain very wide content. Horizontal scrolling may be necessary.

Average hours worked per week, Canada, 1976-2012 (number of hours)
1976197719781979198019811982198319841985198619871988198919901991199219931994199519961997199819992000200120022003200420052006200720082009201020112012
38.037.938.338.637.937.437.137.237.437.537.637.538.038.538.237.436.937.237.637.437.637.837.537.737.937.337.136.536.937.236.937.236.836.036.236.436.6

Gender

On average, men spent six hours more per week (39.6) at work than women (33.2) in 2012.

While the number of hours spent at work remained about the same for women between 1976 and 2012, it declined significantly for men. On average, in 2012, men spent about one hour and half less at work, compared to 1976.


This Chart contains data for Average hours worked per week, by gender, 1976-2012. Information is available in table below 2012 (Men) = 39.6 2011 (Men) = 39.3 2010 (Men) = 39.2 2009 (Men) = 38.9 2008 (Men) = 39.9 2007 (Men) = 40.3 2006 (Men) = 40.1 2005 (Men) = 40.4 2004 (Men) = 40.1 2003 (Men) = 39.8 2002 (Men) = 40.4 2001 (Men) = 40.6 2000 (Men) = 41.3 1999 (Men) = 41.2 1998 (Men) = 41.2 1997 (Men) = 41.5 1996 (Men) = 41.3 1995 (Men) = 40.9 1994 (Men) = 41.3 1993 (Men) = 40.8 1992 (Men) = 40.5 1991 (Men) = 41.0 1990 (Men) = 41.8 1989 (Men) = 42.1 1988 (Men) = 41.7 1987 (Men) = 41.0 1986 (Men) = 41.1 1985 (Men) = 41.2 1984 (Men) = 40.9 1983 (Men) = 40.7 1982 (Men) = 40.6 1981 (Men) = 40.8 1980 (Men) = 41.3 1979 (Men) = 42.0 1978 (Men) = 41.5 1977 (Men) = 41.1 1976 (Men) = 41.2 2012 (Women) = 33.2 2011 (Women) = 33.0 2010 (Women) = 32.7 2009 (Women) = 32.6 2008 (Women) = 33.2 2007 (Women) = 33.5 2006 (Women) = 33.2 2005 (Women) = 33.4 2004 (Women) = 33.0 2003 (Women) = 32.7 2002 (Women) = 33.2 2001 (Women) = 33.4 2000 (Women) = 33.8 1999 (Women) = 33.4 1998 (Women) = 33.1 1997 (Women) = 33.2 1996 (Women) = 33.1 1995 (Women) = 32.9 1994 (Women) = 33.0 1993 (Women) = 32.7 1992 (Women) = 32.5 1991 (Women) = 33.0 1990 (Women) = 33.7 1989 (Women) = 33.7 1988 (Women) = 33.2 1987 (Women) = 32.7 1986 (Women) = 32.8 1985 (Women) = 32.6 1984 (Women) = 32.6 1983 (Women) = 32.3 1982 (Women) = 32.2 1981 (Women) = 32.3 1980 (Women) = 32.7 1979 (Women) = 33.2 1978 (Women) = 33.1 1977 (Women) = 32.6 1976 (Women) = 32.7 (number of hours) Average hours worked per week, by gender, 1976-2012

Source: Statistics Canada. Table 282-0028 - Labour force survey estimates (LFS), by total and average usual and actual hours worked, main or all jobs, type of work, sex and age group, annual (hours), CANSIM (database).


Warning: This data table may contain very wide content. Horizontal scrolling may be necessary.

Average hours worked per week, by gender, 1976-2012 (number of hours)
1976197719781979198019811982198319841985198619871988198919901991199219931994199519961997199819992000200120022003200420052006200720082009201020112012
Men41.241.141.542.041.340.840.640.740.941.241.141.041.742.141.841.040.540.841.340.941.341.541.241.241.340.640.439.840.140.440.140.339.938.939.239.339.6
Women32.732.633.133.232.732.332.232.332.632.632.832.733.233.733.733.032.532.733.032.933.133.233.133.433.833.433.232.733.033.433.233.533.232.632.733.033.2

Age

Canadian youth spent the least amount of time working each week compared to other age groups. In 2012, employed youth aged 15 to 24 worked on average 28.3 hours each week, which was about 10 hours less than employed individuals aged 25 to 54 (38.6 hours).

Individuals aged 55 to 64 worked on average 37.1 hours per week, whereas employed individuals 65 years of age and above worked on average 31.0 hours a week in 2012.


This Chart contains data for Average hours worked per week, by age, 2012. Information is available in table below 65+ years = 31.0 55-64 years = 37.1 25-54 years = 38.6 15-24 years = 28.3 (number of hours) Average hours worked per week, by age, 2012

Source: Statistics Canada. Table 282-0028 - Labour force survey estimates (LFS), by total and average usual and actual hours worked, main or all jobs, type of work, sex and age group, annual (hours), CANSIM (database).


Warning: This data table may contain very wide content. Horizontal scrolling may be necessary.

Average hours worked per week, by age, 2012 (number of hours)
15-24 years25-54 years55-64 years65+ years
28.338.637.131.0

Regions

In 2012, Alberta workers worked the longest hours on average each week (39.0) compared to the workers of other provinces. This is 2.4 hours longer than the national average of 36.6 hours. They were followed closely by workers of Newfoundland and Labrador (38.9) and Saskatchewan (38.8). Workers of Quebec spent the least time in the workplace in 2012 with an average work week of 35.4 hours.


This Chart contains data for Average hours worked per week, by region, 2012. Information is available in table below BC = 35.8 AB = 39.0 SK = 38.8 MB = 36.8 ON = 36.5 QC = 35.4 NB = 37.5 NS = 36.6 PE = 37.4 NL = 38.9 CAN = 36.6 (number of hours) Average hours worked per week, by region, 2012

Source: Statistics Canada. Table 282-0028 - Labour force survey estimates (LFS), by total and average usual and actual hours worked, main or all jobs, type of work, sex and age group, annual (hours), CANSIM (database).


Warning: This data table may contain very wide content. Horizontal scrolling may be necessary.

Average hours worked per week, by region, 2012 (number of hours)
CANNLPENSNBQCONMBSKABBC
36.638.937.436.637.535.436.536.838.839.035.8

Percent of Time Spent Working

Another way of showing how much time Canadians spend working is to measure how many hours a year Canadians spend at paid work compared to the total number of hours available to them in a year (365 days x 24 hours x total population). This provides a measure of how much paid work time is used to support and sustain the whole society.

In 2012, of all the time available to Canadians, 10.0% of this time was spent on paid work. This is an increase of about 1.3 percentage points, since 1976 when approximately 8.7% of all available time was spent on paid work.


This Chart contains data for Time spent working, Canada, 1976-2012. Information is available in table below 2012 = 10.0 2011 = 10.0 2010 = 9.8 2009 = 9.7 2008 = 10.3 2007 = 10.3 2006 = 10.1 2005 = 10.1 2004 = 10.0 2003 = 9.9 2002 = 9.9 2001 = 9.8 2000 = 10.0 1999 = 9.8 1998 = 9.6 1997 = 9.5 1996 = 9.4 1995 = 9.3 1994 = 9.3 1993 = 9.1 1992 = 9.0 1991 = 9.4 1990 = 9.9 1989 = 10.1 1988 = 9.9 1987 = 9.6 1986 = 9.5 1985 = 9.3 1984 = 9.0 1983 = 8.9 1982 = 8.9 1981 = 9.3 1980 = 9.3 1979 = 9.3 1978 = 9.0 1977 = 8.8 1976 = 8.7 (percent of total number of hours in a year) Time spent working, Canada, 1976-2012

Source: HRSDC calculations based on Statistics Canada. Table 282-0028 - Labour force survey estimates (LFS), by total and average usual and actual hours worked, main or all jobs, type of work, sex and age group, annual (hours), CANSIM (database); and Statistics Canada. Table 051-0001 - Estimates of population, by age group and sex for July 1, Canada, provinces and territories, annual (persons unless otherwise noted), CANSIM (database).


Warning: This data table may contain very wide content. Horizontal scrolling may be necessary.

Time spent working, Canada, 1976-2012 (percent of total number of hours in a year)
1976197719781979198019811982198319841985198619871988198919901991199219931994199519961997199819992000200120022003200420052006200720082009201020112012
8.78.89.09.39.39.38.98.99.09.39.59.69.910.19.99.49.09.19.39.39.49.59.69.810.09.89.99.910.010.110.110.310.39.79.810.010.0

Create Custom Chart

Download Data

To access the Microsoft Excel Format (XLS) version you must have an Excel reader installed. If you do not already have such a reader, there are numerous XLS readers available for free download:

To view the TXT version, use the document conversion features available in most word processing software, or use a file viewer capable of reading TXT.



Footer

Date Modified:
2014-10-01