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Indicators of Well-being in Canada


Canadians in Context - Aging Population

How many are we?

  1. Population Size and Growth

Where do we live?

  1. Geographic Distribution

What are our perceptions?

  1. Perceptions and Life Satisfaction



This section provides information on population aging in Canada and by Regions.


Canada

The Canadian population is aging. In 2011, the median age in Canada was 39.9 years, meaning that half of the population was older than that and half was younger. In 1971, the median age was 26.2 years.[1]

Seniors make up the fastest-growing age group. This trend is expected to continue for the next several decades due mainly to a below replacement fertility rate (i.e. average number of children per woman), an increase in life expectancy, and the aging of the baby boom generation. In 2011, an estimated 5.0 million Canadians were 65 years of age or older, a number that is expected to double in the next 25 years to reach 10.4 million seniors by 2036. By 2051, about one in four Canadians is expected to be 65 or over.


This Chart contains data for Population 65 years and over, Canada, Historical (1971-2011) and Projected (2012-2061). Information is available in table below 2061 = 25.5 2051 = 24.7 2041 = 24.0 2031 = 22.8 2021 = 18.5 2011 = 14.4 2001 = 12.6 1991 = 11.5 1981 = 9.6 1971 = 8.0 (percent) Population 65 years and over, Canada, Historical (1971-2011) and Projected (2012-2061)

Note: Population projections use a medium-growth scenario (M1) based on interprovincial migration trends from 1981 to 2008. For further information see: Statistics Canada. Population Projections for Canada, Provinces and Territories (2009-2036). (Cat. No. 91-520 XIE).

Source: HRSDC calculations based on Statistics Canada. Estimates of population, by age group and sex for July 1, Canada, provinces and territories, annual (CANSIM Table 051-0001); and Statistics Canada. Projected population, by projection scenario, sex and age group as of July 1, Canada, provinces and territories, annual (CANSIM table 052-0005). Ottawa: Statistics Canada, 2011.


Warning: This data table may contain very wide content. Horizontal scrolling may be necessary.

Population 65 years and over, Canada, Historical (1971-2011) and Projected (2012-2061) (percent)
1971198119912001201120212031204120512061
8.09.611.512.614.418.522.824.024.725.5

Regions

Nova Scotia had the highest percentage of seniors (16.5% in 2011). Due to varying growth rates of the senior population among provinces, by 2036 it is expected that the Newfoundland and Labrador will have the highest proportion of seniors.


This Chart contains data for Population 65 years and over, by region, 2011 and projected 2036. Information is available in table below NU (2036) = 10.8 NU (2011) = 3.2 NT (2036) = 20.1 NT (2011) = 5.6 YT (2036) = 19.6 YT (2011) = 8.8 BC (2036) = 23.8 BC (2011) = 15.3 AB (2036) = 21.0 AB (2011) = 10.8 SK (2036) = 23.3 SK (2011) = 14.6 MB (2036) = 21.4 MB (2011) = 13.9 ON (2036) = 23.1 ON (2011) = 14.2 QC (2036) = 25.1 QC (2011) = 15.7 NB (2036) = 29.4 NB (2011) = 16.2 NS (2036) = 28.6 NS (2011) = 16.5 PE (2036) = 27.4 PE (2011) = 15.8 NL (2036) = 31.0 NL (2011) = 15.8 CAN (2036) = 23.7 CAN (2011) = 14.4 (percent) Population 65 years and over, by region, 2011 and projected 2036

Note: Population projections use a medium-growth scenario (M1) based on interprovincial migration trends from 1981 to 2008. For further information see: Statistics Canada. Population Projections for Canada, Provinces and Territories (2009-2036). (Cat. No. 91-520 XIE).

Source: HRSDC calculations based on Statistics Canada. Estimates of population, by age group and sex for July 1, Canada, provinces and territories, annual (CANSIM Table 051-0001); and Statistics Canada. Projected population, by projection scenario, sex and age group as of July 1, Canada, provinces and territories, annual (CANSIM table 052-0005). Ottawa: Statistics Canada, 2011.


Warning: This data table may contain very wide content. Horizontal scrolling may be necessary.

Population 65 years and over, by region, 2011 and projected 2036 (percent)
CANNLPENSNBQCONMBSKABBCYTNTNU
201114.415.815.816.516.215.714.213.914.610.815.38.85.63.2
203623.731.027.428.629.425.123.121.423.321.023.819.620.110.8

Footnotes

  1. Statistics Canada. Estimates of population, by age group and sex for July 1, Canada, provinces and territories, annual (CANSIM Table 051-0001). Ottawa: Statistics Canada, 2010.

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Date Modified:
2014-04-21