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Indicators of Well-being in Canada


Housing - Homeless Shelters and Beds

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The homeless shelters and beds indicator examines the number and type of shelters and the number of beds available to serve the needs of homeless individuals and families. Some homeless individuals or families may need shelter temporarily. Others may need both shelter and support services to get back on their feet.  

This indicator shows the number of known shelters and beds. As such, it may not provide a complete count of all the shelters or beds serving the needs of the homeless across Canada.

Summary

  • National Picture - As of March 2011, there were an estimated 1,086 shelters serving homeless individuals and families in Canada. These shelters had 28,495 beds available on a regular basis. In March 2006, there were 859 known shelters with 21,988 regular beds.
  • Regions - In 2011, the distribution of beds in shelters tended to follow the distribution of the population, with the largest proportion of these beds being in communities in Ontario (38%). On average, there were 83 beds per 100,000 people in Canada. However, in the three Territories the number was three times as high with 258 beds per 100,000 people.

National Picture

As of March 2011, there were 1,086 shelters serving homeless individuals and families in Canada. In March 2006, there were 859 shelters.[1]


This Chart contains data for Shelters serving homeless individuals and families, Canada, 2006, 2007 and 2011. Information is available in table below 2011 = 1,086 2007 = 1,020 2006 = 859 (number of known shelters) Shelters serving homeless individuals and families, Canada, 2006, 2007 and 2011

Source: For 2006 and 2007, Canada. Homeless Partnership Secretariat, Homeless Individuals and Families Information System (HIFIS) Initiative 2006-07 Annual Report. Ottawa: Human Resources and Skills Development Canada, 2007. For 2011, Homelessness Partnership Secretariat. 2011 Shelter Capacity Report. Ottawa: Human Resources and Skills Development Canada, 2012.


Warning: This data table may contain very wide content. Horizontal scrolling may be necessary.

Shelters serving homeless individuals and families, Canada, 2006, 2007 and 2011 (number of known shelters)
200620072011
8591,0201,086

Of the 1,086 shelters identified as of March 2011, 813 or 75%  were emergency shelters, providing temporary and short-term accommodation for homeless individuals and/or families. Such shelters typically also offer essential services such as food, clothing and counselling.

Transitional shelters offer services beyond basic needs and, while not permanent, generally provide a longer length of stay than emergency housing facilities. Transitional shelters numbered 273 and represented a little more than 25% of the total.


This Chart contains data for Regularly available shelter beds, Canada, 2006, 2007 and 2011. Information is available in table below 2011 = 28,495 2007 = 26,872 2006 = 21,988 (number of beds) Regularly available shelter beds, Canada, 2006, 2007 and 2011

Source: For 2006 and 2007, Canada. Homeless Partnership Secretariat, Homeless Individuals and Families Information System (HIFIS) Initiative 2006-07 Annual Report. Ottawa: Human Resources and Skills Development Canada, 2007. For 2011, Homelessness Partnership Secretariat. 2011 Shelter Capacity Report. Ottawa: Human Resources and Skills Development Canada, 2012.


Warning: This data table may contain very wide content. Horizontal scrolling may be necessary.

Regularly available shelter beds, Canada, 2006, 2007 and 2011 (number of beds)
200620072011
21,98826,87228,495

As of March 2011, there were 28,495 regular beds available in shelters in Canada serving homeless individuals and families. In March 2006, there were 21,988 beds available.


Regions

In 2011, a large proportion of the beds in Canada's emergency and transitional shelters were located in Ontario (37.8%) where 38.8% of the population was located in 2011. The distribution of shelter beds tended to follow the general distribution of the population. However, Alberta's share of the shelter beds in 2011 (17.2%) was much larger than its share of the 2006 Canadian population (11.0%), while the share of shelter beds in the three northern territories (1.0%) was also much higher than their share of the Canadian population (0.3%).


This Chart contains data for Shelter beds, by region, 2011. Information is available in table below NU/NT/YU = 1.0 BC = 12.7 AB = 17.2 SK = 3.9 MB = 5.6 ON = 37.8 QC = 18.1 NS = 1.5 NB = 1.6 PE = 0.2 NL = 0.6 (percentage of all known shelter beds) Shelter beds, by region, 2011

Source: Canada. Homelessness Partnership Secratariat. 2011 Shelter Capacity Report. Ottawa: Human Resources and Skills Development Canada, 2012.


Warning: This data table may contain very wide content. Horizontal scrolling may be necessary.

Shelter beds, by region, 2011 (percentage of all known shelter beds)
NLPENBNSQCONMBSKABBCNU/NT/YU
0.60.21.61.518.137.85.63.917.212.71.0

The average number of regular beds was 83 per 100,000 people in 2011. The rate was highest in Nunavut, Yukon and Northwest Territories, where there were 258 beds per 100,000 people.  The number of regular beds per 100,000 people was also higher than average in Alberta (129), and Manitoba (127).


This Chart contains data for Shelter beds, by region, 2011. Information is available in table below NU/NT/YU = 258 BC = 79 AB = 129 SK = 105 MB = 127 ON = 80 QC = 65 NB = 60 NS = 45 PE = 30 NL = 32 CAN = 83 (number of known shelter beds per 100,000 people) Shelter beds, by region, 2011

Source: Canada. Homelessness Partnership Secratariat. 2011 Shelter Capacity Report. Ottawa: Human Resources and Skills Development Canada, 2012.


Warning: This data table may contain very wide content. Horizontal scrolling may be necessary.

Shelter beds, by region, 2011 (number of known shelter beds per 100,000 people)
CANNLPENSNBQCONMBSKABBCNU/NT/YU
8332304560658012710512979258

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Date Modified:
2014-04-24