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Indicators of Well-being in Canada


Security - Victims of Violent Crime

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Security is a fundamental component of well-being that involves safety and protection from harm. Conventional crime statistics do not include crimes that are not reported to police. However, surveys of crime victims provide another view of public safety and threats to our personal security. These surveys report on the nature and extent of violent offences, whether or not they were reported to the police.

The victims of violent crime indicator is based on Statistics Canada's General Social Survey and measures three types of crimes: physical assault, sexual assault, and robbery.

Summary

  • National Picture — In 2009, for every 1,000 people 15 years and over, there were 118 incidents of victimization by violent crime. Physical assault was the most common form of violence (80 per 1,000), followed by sexual assault (24 per 1,000) and robbery (13 per 1,000). Almost one-third of the incidents of violent crime that occurred in 2009 were reported to the police.
  • Gender — In 2009, women were more likely than men to have been victims of sexual assault. Men were more likely to have been victims of robbery and physical assault.
  • Age — The rate of incidents of violent crime decreased with age. In 2009, for those aged 15 to 24, the rate was 284 incidents per 1,000 people. For those aged 65 and over, the rate was 19 per 1,000 people.
  • Regions — In 2009, the rate of incidents of violent crime ranged from 92 incidents per 1,000 people in Prince Edward Island to 175 per 1,000 people in Manitoba.

National Picture

Overall rates of self-reported violent victimization - as well as the rates of sexual assault, physical assault and robbery - remained stable between 1999, 2004 and 2009. 

In 2009, there were 118 violent crimes per 1,000 people of 15 years and over. Physical assault was the most common form of violence (80 incidents per 1,000 people of 15 years and over), followed by sexual assault (24 per 1,000) and robbery (13 per 1,000).


This Chart contains data for Victimization by violent crime, by type of offence, Canada, 1999, 2004 and 2009. Information is available in table below Robbery (2009) = 13 Robbery (2004) = 11 Robbery (1999) = 9 Sexual assault (2009) = 24 Sexual assault (2004) = 21 Sexual assault (1999) = 21 Physical assault (2009) = 80 Physical assault (2004) = 75 Physical assault (1999) = 81 All types of violent victimization incidents (2009) = 118 All types of violent victimization incidents (2004) = 106 All types of violent victimization incidents (1999) = 111 (incidents per 1,000 people) Victimization by violent crime, by type of offence, Canada, 1999, 2004 and 2009

Note: Total violent victimization differs from the sum of the three offence categories due to rounding.

Source: Juristat Article. Samuel Perreault and Shannon Brennan. Criminal Victimization in Canada, 2009, Vol. 30, No 2. Ottawa: Statistics Canada, 2010 (Cat. No. 85-002-X).


Warning: This data table may contain very wide content. Horizontal scrolling may be necessary.

Victimization by violent crime, by type of offence, Canada, 1999, 2004 and 2009 (incidents per 1,000 people)
All types of violent victimization incidentsPhysical assaultSexual assaultRobbery
199911181219
2004106752111
2009118802413

Only a minority of incidents of victimization by violent crime are reported to the police. In 2009, less than three out of ten violent crimes (29%) were reported to the police. The likelihood that a victim would report one such crime to the police varied with the type of crime: 43% of robberies that happened in 2009 were reported to the police, compared to 34% of physical assault. As for sexual assaults, the large majority (88%) of the incidents that occurred in 2009 were not reported to the police.[1]

This Chart contains data for Victimization by violent crime, reported to police, by type of offence, 1999, 2004 and 2009. Information is available in table below Robbery (2009) = 43 Robbery (2004) = 46 Robbery (1999) = 46 Physical assault (2009) = 34 Physical assault (2004) = 39 Physical assault (1999) = 37 All types of victimization incidents (2009) = 29 All types of victimization incidents (2004) = 33 All types of victimization incidents (1999) = 31 (percent) Victimization by violent crime, reported to police, by type of offence, 1999, 2004 and 2009

Note: According to Statistics Canada, the number of sexual assaults reported to the police in the sample of General Social Survey was too small to publish reliable estimates for the whole population.

Source: Juristat Article. Samuel Perreault and Shannon Brennan. Criminal Victimization in Canada, 2009, Vol. 30, No 2. Ottawa: Statistics Canada, 2010 (Cat. No. 85-002-X).


Warning: This data table may contain very wide content. Horizontal scrolling may be necessary.

Victimization by violent crime, reported to police, by type of offence, 1999, 2004 and 2009 (percent)
All types of victimization incidentsPhysical assaultRobbery
1999313746
2004333946
2009293443

Gender

In 2009, women were more likely to have been victims of sexual assault than were men. For every 1,000 women, there were 34 incidents of sexual assault compared with 15 for every 1,000 men.

Men were more likely than women to have been victims of robbery or physical assault. For every 1,000 men, there were 16 incidents of robbery and 94 incidents of physical assault. For every 1,000 women, there were 10 robbery incidents and 67 physical assaults.


This Chart contains data for Victimization by violent crime, by gender, 2009. Information is available in table below Physical assault (Men) = 94 Physical assault (Women) = 67 Robbery (Men) = 16 Robbery (Women) = 10 Sexual assault (Men) = 15 Sexual assault (Women) = 34 (incidents per 1,000 people) Victimization by violent crime, by gender, 2009

Note: Due to small sample size, rates of sexual assault for men should be used with caution.

Source: Juristat Article. Samuel Perreault and Shannon Brennan. Criminal Victimization in Canada, 2009, Vol. 30, No 2. Ottawa: Statistics Canada, 2010 (Cat. No. 85-002-X).


Warning: This data table may contain very wide content. Horizontal scrolling may be necessary.

Victimization by violent crime, by gender, 2009 (incidents per 1,000 people)
Sexual assaultRobberyPhysical assault
Women341067
Men151694

Age

The rates of victimization by violent crime tended to decrease with age. In 2009, there were 284 incidents of violent crime for every 1,000 people aged 15 to 24. Among people aged 25 to 34, there were 165 incidents of violent crime. The rate declined for each successive age group, reaching 19 incidents of violent crime per 1,000 Canadians aged 65 and over.


This Chart contains data for Victimization by violent crime, by age, 2009. Information is available in table below 65+ years = 19 55-64 years = 39 45-54 years = 84 35-44 years = 114 25-34 years = 165 15-24 years = 284 (incidents per 1,000 people) Victimization by violent crime, by age, 2009

Note: Due to small sample size, rates for those 65 years and over should be used with caution.

Source: Juristat Article. Samuel Perreault and Shannon Brennan. Criminal Victimization in Canada, 2009, Vol. 30, No 2. Ottawa: Statistics Canada, 2010 (Cat. No. 85-002-X).


Warning: This data table may contain very wide content. Horizontal scrolling may be necessary.

Victimization by violent crime, by age, 2009 (incidents per 1,000 people)
15-24 years25-34 years35-44 years45-54 years55-64 years65+ years
284165114843919

Regions

Rates of victimization by violent crime in the provinces were above the national average of 118 incidents per 1,000 people in half of the provinces: British Columbia (135), Alberta (135), Saskatchewan (159), Manitoba (175), and New Brunswick (120).


This Chart contains data for Victimization by violent crime, by region, 2009. Information is available in table below BC = 135 AB = 135 SK = 159 MB = 175 ON = 114 QC = 98 NB = 120 NS = 96 PE = 92 NL = 94 CAN = 118 (incidents per 1,000 people) Victimization by violent crime, by region, 2009

Note: Due to small sample sizes, rates for Prince Edward Island (PE) and Newfoundland and Labrador (NL) should be used with caution.

Source: Juristat Article. Samuel Perreault and Shannon Brennan. Criminal Victimization in Canada, 2009, Vol. 30, No 2. Ottawa: Statistics Canada, 2010 (Cat. No. 85-002-X).


Warning: This data table may contain very wide content. Horizontal scrolling may be necessary.

Victimization by violent crime, by region, 2009 (incidents per 1,000 people)
CANNLPENSNBQCONMBSKABBC
11894929612098114175159135135

Footnotes

  1. The remaining 12% includes not only the reported sexual assaults, but also the "Don't know" and "Not stated" responses. According to Statistics Canada, the number of sexual assaults reported to the police in the sample of General Social Survey was too small to publish reliable estimates for the whole population.

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Date Modified:
2014-09-17